Improper food waste disposal makes the environment look dirty and unpleasant for human habitation. Besides, it has the potential of making human beings acquire serious illnesses. Some of these diseases are life-threatening, while some cause significant suffering to the affected individuals.
Forms of Waste
Waste is classified under four main categories. Each type has the magnitude of causing serious problems to human beings. These wastes are;
Solid- mainly comprised of solid material that has less than 70 percent water.
Liquid- occurs in liquid form with less than 1 percent solid.
Hazardous- they are corrosive and toxic to living things including humans, animals, and plants.
Medical- they are associated with medical aspects. They include used syringes, bandages, and body fluids among others.
Pollution to the Environment and the hazard created
There are several ways of how waste is improperly disposed to a point of causing health hazards. Water pollution is one of the biggest threats to human health. Leachate arising from garbage gets into water bodies such as rivers, lakes, seas, and oceans. In addition, air pollution causes acid rain. A combination of these factors can easily cause a disaster to humans. Water animals such as fish consume the waste, and we consequently eat them. Other animals such as rats can carry contaminants from the garbage and transmit diseases to humans.
Infectious agents such as typhoid and cholera bacteria from the garbage have the potential to cause outbreaks. Such factors are also associated with improper medical waste disposal. When these wastes get in the water, they act as a source of an outbreak with the potential of affecting a large population. Waste such as used syringes and needles can easily cause injuries that lead to diseases like HIV/AIDs and hepatitis. Medical waste such as material containing Tuberculosis bacteria can pollute the air leading to the spread of TB.
If you drink polluted water, you are most likely to get sick. Contaminated water is associated with gastrointestinal tract diseases such as cholera, typhoid, and dysentery. It can also cause skin diseases such as scabies as well as eye diseases including Trachoma. Parasites in contaminated water are also associated with various diseases.
Some insects that thrive well in dirty water such as mosquitoes are the vectors for diseases such as malaria, dengue virus infection and yellow fever. These are just a few diseases connected to improper garbage disposal. These and other more diseases are serious illnesses that can easily cause death. Then there is solid waste such as heavy metals pollution including mercury and lead acts as neurotoxins leading to various nerve diseases.
Improper waste disposal is a sign of poor sanitation. Such areas are common in developing nations making them more susceptible to various diseases. The situation becomes worse when the garbage is disposed of in areas where food is sold.
Improper waste disposal is a recipe for diseases. It is everyone’s responsibility to ensure waste is properly disposed of to avoid health problems in our societies.